Many of us wonder about how ancient civilizations were connected to each other when they did not have the means of communication that we currently have daily and practically. Thinking about that Inca Rail has created an infographic to know the surprising data of the ancient civilizations.
Did you know that the father of plastic surgery was Sushruta?
Facial reconstructions were necessary since soldiers did not wear helmets when going to war.
- Rhinoplasty is practiced since the 6th century BC.
- Amputating the nose was a recurring punishment.
- The pincers of the Bengali ants were used as staples.
Machu Picchu, Cusco
How did you manage to mold the huge stones?
The Incas built a wonderful empire with stones of 120 tons and with incredible accuracy.
- According to one hypothesis, the liquid of a native plant turned the rocks like plasticine.
- This molding is also found in Egypt and in the Mayan temples.
- “The blocks were shaped by hitting them with black stones.” Garcilaso De La Vega.
Easter Island, Chile
Is it possible to transport stones of 75 tons?
The Moáis are giant stone statues and are an important work of art of the Rapa Nui.
- The volcanic stones were sculpted in the same place of origin.
- The carving started at the sides and continued towards the head.
- They used ropes wooden sleds.
How could a pyramid of 146 meters be built?
The Egyptians (26th century BC) took advantage of the autumn equinox to align the pyramid.
- “The blocks were not cut, but molded.” Joseph Davidovits, French scientist.
- They moistened the sand to drag the sledges with blocks of 2.5 tons.
- They went up a ramp with stairs to their sides and holes to put the poles.
The great Babylon, Mesopotamia
How long did it take to have a sewer?
Paris had its sewer system in 1850 and London in 1866. The Babylonians obtained it around 4000 BC.
- It was the first place where clay was molded to channel waste.
- The first “T” tubes were found buried in the Temple of Bel.
- The South Palace of Babylon had the best sewage system.
Who built these megalithic temples?
Declared a World Heritage Site in 1980. It was built approximately 3200 a.C.
- According to the Maltese legend, it was giants who built the temples.
- The Ggantija Neolithic complex was built in 3700 BC.
- The largest temple measures about 5.2 meters and weighs 57 tons.
What was the oldest building in the world?
The Cairn de Barnenez was built 2,000 years before the pyramids of Egypt (in the year 4850 a.C.).
- It has stones 72 meters long, 9 meters high and up to 7,000 cubic meters.
- The weight of the cairns reaches up to 14 tons.
- It was used from the dolerite to the granite.
These questions are still not answered, but it is these mysteries that lead us to feel the greatness of our history.